A General Agreement Among Government Leaders About How To Deal With Issues Or Problems Is Called

Collaborative frameworks generally foster close relationships between employees, leading to greater communication and mutual fertilization in their work and more effective opportunities to achieve the organization`s goals. All theories of leadership in the study of international relations have in common an idea of the relationship between leaders and supporters under asymmetrical power relations. In classical Western philosophy, political leaders are seen as separate from the domination of power, as the former requires an explicit will to follow other states and/or men, while the latter depends on domination by coercion. In modern times, the German sociologist Max Weber has distinguished other sources of leadership from non-Western traditions. For example, in his classic treatise on imperial China, he argued that the charismatic nature of the emperor (tao) is manifested in his personal strength, which must be constantly demonstrated in the eyes of the people. Footnote 2 According to him, it was not the recognition of the sovereignty of the people, but the dedication of the people, especially in times of distress. Footnote 3 While a more in-depth debate on the cultural determinants of leadership goes beyond the scope of this article, Weber`s pioneering work on charismatic authority is a useful reminder of how individual personality traits influence leadership. Overall, the trend towards collaborative leadership appears to be positive, but maintaining momentum should be a difficult task. Strengthening governance, which goes beyond negotiating direct interests, can help facilitate long-term normative engagement.

The main political implication of the United States and China is that taking the lead in global governance, collective or multilateral, will require the transmission of interests and values in order to move towards long-term goals, without which it is difficult to see how we can escape a permanent state of action and reaction, let alone a crisis. In 2008, the United States announced that it would participate in the investment and financial services negotiations and then took control of the negotiations for a comprehensive agreement. Under The structural leadership of President Obama, membership has been extended to Australia, Peru, Vietnam, Malaysia and Japan. But in this case too, the limits of structural force quickly appeared.