As part of the agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from threats and violence in violation of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir. The Simla Agreement was signed on 3 July 1972 in Shimla, the capital of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, between India and Pakistan.  This led to the war of liberation of Bangladesh in 1971, which led to the independence of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan and part of the territory of Pakistan. India entered the war as an ally of Bangladesh, which turned the war into an Indo-Pakistan war in 1971.  The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargile War. In Operation Meghdoot of 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachens Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan to be a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the subsequent deaths in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters. B, like the avalanches of 2010, 2012 and 2016. December 16, 1971 – the day Pakistani forces surrendered their weapons to the joint command of Indian and Bangladeshi forces Mukti Bahini at a surrender ceremony in Dhaka – was the finest hour in the military history of India and Bangladesh, an old and another new one. Beyond the enormous cost of the war, India has had to bear the financial burden of caring for the 10 million refugees who moved from eastern Pakistan to India when they fled the terrible atrocities committed by the Pakistani army, better known as the genocide in Bangladesh in 1971. The Simla agreement reads as a communiqué rather than a peace agreement with a country that had waged war on India. Nothing in the agreement has put Pakistan in a state of good behaviour in the future. It also contained some ridiculous expectations, such as the clause that required both governments to „take all measures within their power to prevent hostile propaganda against each other.” „Laila, I know what you want.
I imagine you are wearing [a request] from Mrs. Indira Gandhi. Give him a message that after I take up my duties at home, I will release Mujibur Rahman soon after so he can go home. What I want in return, I will let Mrs. Indira Gandhi know through another channel. You can leave now. This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments. On July 2, 1972, former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi signed the shimla agreement with then-Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Shimla agreement: Donald Trump recently claimed in a statement that Prime Minister Modi had asked him to mediate in the Kashmir conflict between India and Pakistan.
India has categorically rejected Trump`s allegations that the prime minister had not made such a request. Mr. Trump`s claim in Kashmir, however, turned into a huge controversy, in violation of the 1972 Shimla Accords. The United States has always maintained that the Kashmir issue must be resolved bilaterally by India and Pakistan. India also strongly asserted that its Kashmir dispute with Pakistan was bilateral and that no third parties played a role in this regard. That is why Trump`s recent statement marks a significant change in the previous position of the United States on this issue.