The Debate On The Philippine-Us Military Bases Agreement

Yesterday, 29 years since the Senate vote brought down the curtain of the huge U.S. naval base at Subic Bay. For much of the 20th century, the U.S. Subic Bay Naval Station and its companion at Clark Air Force Base, some 50 kilometres to the north, had been a critical crossroads for U.S. military operations in the Pacific. Blessed with deep water anchors and narrow access to the strategic South China Sea, he had played a role in all major U.S. military operations of the century, from the boxer rebellion to Operation Desert Storm. On November 24, 1992, the stars and bands were lowered in a solemn ceremony at Subic Bay and the Philippine national flag was raised in their place. The closure of the base ended an American military presence that began with the conquest of the Philippines from Spain in 1898. „In history, we can take as an example the debate on American military bases. When the basic debate took place in the Philippines in the late 1980s/early 1990s, social weather stations were already doing regular surveys and we had very good data on what citizens believed.

The usual small number of protesters appeared outside the U.S. Embassy in Manila after the news, but a broader discussion about the presence of U.S. troops in the Philippines has been ongoing for some time. Other U.S. bases were rejected by the Philippine Senate in 1991, but a „Visiting Forces Agreement” (VFA) was signed in 1991 to govern U.S. troops in the Philippines. (The Australian government signed an agreement on the status of visiting troops with the Philippines in 2007, but the Philippine Senate did not ratify it. Under the VFA, there are port calls from U.S. ships, joint exercises and frequent humanitarian missions by U.S.

forces in the wake of humanitarian disasters. What is more controversial is that since 2002, a Joint Special Operations Task Force (JSOTF-P) has been in place in the Philippines, with some 600 U.S. agents serving with Philippine security forces as part of counter-terrorism measures in the southern Philippines. Although no member of the task force remains for more than six months and is installed on Philippine military bases, this presence remains controversial. In 2012, the Philippines and the United States conducted joint military exercises. [30] Starting in 2012, a U.S. military contingent of 600 U.S. troops, Of which Navy Seals and Seabees, are „infinitely” stationed in the southern Philippines, in a declared non-combatant role to support Philippine forces in operations against the terrorist group al-Qaeda abu Sayyaf, mainly on Basilan Island, west of Mindanao and in the Sulu Islands, in particular Jolo, a longtime landmark in Abu Sayyaf. [31] It is important that both sides have „a common understanding for the United States not to establish a permanent military presence or base on philippine territory.” The preamble concludes: „All U.S. states will have access to and use facilities and territories at the invitation of the Philippines and in full compliance with the Philippine Constitution and laws.

[20] But the imminent end of the Cold War, concerns about the behavior of the United States.