Delhi Agreement 1973 Pdf

DONE in New Delhi on August 28, 1973 in three originals, all equally authentic. The Delhi Agreement was a trilateral agreement signed on 28 August 1973 between India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. and only ratified by India and Pakistan. [1] It allowed the repatriation of prisoners of war and interned officials held in the three countries after Bangladesh`s war of liberation in 1971. The agreement was criticized because Pakistan did not repatriate Urdu spokesmen to Bangladesh and failed to bring to justice 195 high-ranking military personnel accused of being admitted to the war. [2] 12 On 11 May 1973, Pakistan filed an appeal against India before the International Court of Justice for these 195 prisoners of war (case against Pakistani prisoners of war). At Pakistan`s request, the case was removed from the Court`s list on 15 December 1973. Among the PoWs, 195 Pakistani military officers detained in India have been identified as the main war crimes suspects. Pakistan insisted that they be released as one of its main demands.

She urged several Muslim countries to refuse recognition of Bangladesh until the release of the 195 officers. [7] India preferred their repatriation to Pakistan. In the text of the agreement, Bangladeshi Foreign Minister Kamal Hossain said that: 1 See Levie, , legal aspects of the continued detention of Pakistani prisoners of war by India, 67 AJIL 512 (1973). Although the agreement called for the repatriation of Russian-speaking biharis to Bangladesh, the Pakistani government withdrew its promise to relocate the Community to Pakistan. [6] This led to the stateless Pakistani community stranded in Bangladesh. The treaty came into force on August 8, 1973 and expired on July 1, 1974. Under the agreement, UNHCR oversaw the repatriation of citizens from Bangladesh and Pakistan. According to the UN, 121,695 Bengalis have been transferred from Pakistan to Bangladesh. Among them are senior Bengal officials and the military.

108,744 civilians and non-Bengali officials were transferred from Bangladesh to Pakistan. [4] India released 6,500 Pakistani PoWs, most of whom were transported by train to Pakistan. In 1974, General Niazi was the last Pakistani officer to be symbolically returned by the Wagah border. [4] India and Pakistan, which wish to resolve the humanitarian problems arising from the 1971 conflict, thus giving the vast majority of those mentioned in the Indo-Bangladesh Joint Declaration the opportunity to travel to their respective countries, have concluded the following agreement: 13 Am Sept.